State of Gravity updates
|Posted on Thursday, February 10, 2011 - 01:52 pm: |
State of the 'Gravity-G' message - to be continued...
Angular momentum of a particle
This page will highlight new developments concerning the possible 'variable G' discoveries forthcoming, such that will seriously impact current understandings in astronomy and cosmology, as well as basic physical tenets such as 'conservation' of energy and angular momentum, paving the way for new research on gravitic energy propulsion mechanisms - in violation of the mass-energy equivalence. At present this forum is unable to accept new unsolicited contributions or postings, but Humancafe editors can post ideas submitted by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
* * *
To recap the variable-G hypothesis presented here, this is what has come of it thus far:
1. The Pound-Rebka Harvard gravitational redshift experiment can be shown to approximate the Hubble Constant for distant cosmic light redshift, if gravity-G 'constant' is at about 10X-6 range, or about 5 orders of magnitude greater than measured on Earth. This was done independent of any other algorithmic derivations, simply a deduction based on experimental results.
2. The Cosmic Microwave Background radiation, at 2.725 Kelvin, approximates gravity-G in the 10X-6 range, if using the Boltzmann constant to work out energy equivalent, per the Axiomatic Equation.
3. MOND approximation for deep space may be some 5 orders of magnitude greater than same approximation, per the Pioneer Anomaly vis-a-vis Axiomatic Equation, within our solar system.
4. Mercury's precession, though explained with Einstein's General Relativity theory of gravity, lends itself to a much simpler explanation, using the Sun's angular momentum transfer to Mercury's perihelion orbit. Complexity need not be a factor.
5. Planetary interior energy may result in micro-black hole at planet's center, which then manifests in various ways: a) as an approximate 'inner core' boundary, if using the Schwarzchild equation; b) as a variable planetary spin at perihelion/aphelion positions; or c) as accelerated atmospheric winds on a planet's surface, especially evident on the gas giants, and perhaps planetary spin. (See more on Jaszz Spin ratios)
6. The state of gas giants and their moons.
This is an introductory list that begins to hint at variable-G Newton's 'constant' away from our planet's known gravity constant, thus paving the way for verifying what this 'constant on a curve' might be for our solar system and beyond. How to measure?
How to measure G?
|Posted on Friday, February 25, 2011 - 01:54 pm: |
Inching forward towards understanding 'variable G' gravity: How to measure?
Dark matter theory challenged (by MOND) by gassy galaxies result -- BBC Science News
Lambda-CDM theory holds that dark matter "haloes" surround galaxies and clusters, and polhode motion*
Not necessarily understood yet, but they are getting some hints that G is not the same everywhere. Puzzling they keep calling high G non-luminescent matter 'dark matter' as if it were something exotic and different, though this high-G matter may in fact exhibit different electro-magnetic properties from matter here. 'Dark matter' regions may be at the atomic level more like what you find in high spin neutron stars, so called, than ordinary matter. There should be a way to measure for variable-G here close to Earth, IMHO.
* * *
So let us examine a possibility:
1) If p = mv, and m is growing in mass from (Equivalence principle) greater value (Newton's) gravity G, the p must be growing in value.
2) And, if L= r x p, and p is growing with G, and p = mv, then L = mvr, must also be equivalent.
3) Therefore, if m = m in both cases (same material mass), here and far out in higher G space, then higher per Equivalence nominal m in p = mv at constant v will equal higher p; but higher-G m in space (away from Earth) will convert the same nominal m into 'local G' equivalence (same mass), so that L = r x p becomes higher L per higher p. (BTW, this breaks 'conservation of momentum', in a traditional sense, but 'conserves' it through the Equivalence principle.)
4) Now, if higher L = mvr, then per equivalent mass m in both cases (still 'same' mass), the resulting v should be higher in proportion to the higher-G. And this can be measured simply anyplace in space, at any distance from the Sun to measure for variable-G, where in higher G, the spin should increase.
This can be further collaborated with how distant space probes traveling in the solar system are discovered to either spin-up or spin-down. Depending upon the direction of the probes, and their either right-hand or left-hand spin, assuming there is a galactic local 'Coriolis' effect, then as probes travel through varying G increasing with distance from the Sun, there should be anecdotal evidence of these spin variations. To date, this is still inconclusive. But a dedicated test for variable-spin in space would be one way to test for variable-G. This can even be an experiment performed on Mars, or any other distant body away from Earth's known 1 G. Lower G should (factoring in right/left hand rule) spin down, while higher G should spin up.
*(Please note, the Gravity Probe-B polhode images is for effect only, not directly relevant to variable-G.)
Some updates on Probe B: Funding cut, Physics World, 2008
Update Einstein Relativity Mission, they found 'something', 2009
Relativity Mission Probe B decommissioned, 2010
Or, what did they find, really?
Holographic technicolor SUSY?
|Posted on Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 03:25 pm: |
Oooops!! ... Sorry SUSY!
What if Supersymmetry is wrong?
(interactive - arxiv.org paper)
Perhaps Holographic technicolor model may do it?
It's an elegant idea and if correct, could solve some of the most perplexing problems in physics. It endows the elusive Higgs particle, which is believed to be responsible for giving every other known particle its mass, with just the right mass of its own to keep the whole edifice of particle physics from crumbling around us. Without SUSY, the Higgs mass is heavily influenced by the quantum behaviour of the vacuum.
As it interacts with the vacuum's virtual particles, its mass skyrockets, growing so large that the standard model breaks down. SUSY saves the day – for every virtual interaction that drives up the Higgs mass, there is a svirtual interaction that drives it back down.
...(see diagram above)...
Lane prefers an alternative theory. With physicist Estia Eichten of Batavia, Illinois, Lane showed that particles could come by their masses without a Higgs boson if there is a fifth force in addition to the four we know about: technicolour. It is similar to the strong force, which binds quarks together, but operates at much higher energies. "There's already a precedent for it in nature," Lane says, adding that it could also provide a new candidate for dark matter.
The LHC will be able to put the theory to the test. Just as quarks pair up to form mesons, techniquarks pair up to form technimesons with masses ranging from 250 GeV to 700 GeV – well within the LHC's reach. If technimesons exist, the LHC should find them within the next few years.
Still whistling in the dark, but inching closer to gravity as a function of quantum space, making it a G-variable inversely proportion to quantum energy?
|Posted on Thursday, March 31, 2011 - 02:32 pm: |
Gravity shmarity... We're not there yet.
NewScientist: Dark matter could make planets habitable...?
Space.com article, related
NewScientist: "For decades, theorists have calculated that dark matter could be gravitationally captured by planets and stars. Dark matter surrounds galaxies in so-called halos, and dark matter particles, feeling the force of gravity, orbit their galaxy's centre of mass.
"When these orbiting dark matter particles pass through objects, such as planets, they occasionally slam into atoms, losing energy and speed. If they lose enough energy after one or more collisions, they could become trapped by the planet's gravity, ultimately settling in its core. There, they are likely to hit other trapped dark matter particles and annihilate."
This is truly a confusing piece of science reporting. 'Dark matter' so-called may be no more than higher-G atomic mass, which interacts gravitationally with other atomic mass, and is found only in the dark spaces far between hot energy generating stars, or enveloping galaxies in distant halos where the aggregate star energy is weak. It does not migrate into the planet's interior, except as a hybrid version of the micro-black hole at the planet's center, which in its spin lends motion to both inner core, interior plate tectonics and atmospheric winds. A planet far removed from its host star would exhibit higher gravity-G, so would inhabit a region of 'dark matter' per higher G mass-equivalence, but that is all. The rest of it is pure fantasy, science fiction at it's best.
Dark matter no-show at sensitive underground lab... deep under a mountain lab, no mysterious 'dark matter' detected?
The Universe is much more simple... Think about it.
Still hunting for that 'mysterious' Dark Matter: Dark matter particles may be heavyweights after all - NewScientist
Also see: Mass of the Universe
|Posted on Saturday, April 09, 2011 - 01:45 pm: |
How many multi-verses does it take to make a Universe? Or, beyond a reasonable understanding of the Cosmos with modern String theory?
Is the Search for Immutable Laws of Nature a Wild-Goose Chase? - Discover Magazine, April 2010
We tend to think in terms of universal laws of physics, but our modern physics has taken us over the deep end where there may not be any 'universal' laws of physics unified into an understandable whole, but rather there may be many laws variable over time, and not necessarily unified into one whole theorem, perhaps many 'multi-verses' of physics. That is how far adrift we have come, that the basic theorem that reality is understandable, and scientifically testable with this understanding, is perhaps beyond such simplicity of thought; but rather is so complex and metaphorical, or probabilistic, that to unite universal physics into One universe is beyond the ability of the mind. But is this true? Or is this multi-verse, String theory universe the real wild-goose chase?
Think how much simpler if instead of unifying all physics with a Big Bang inflation origin, thus squeezing the whole universe into a grapefruit sized reality before time and space existed; how about if we tweak a little the basic underlying fundamental assumption of all this, including fundamental to both Eisntein's General Relativity and String Theory, that rather than a 'universal' law of gravity we have a variable law of gravity? So the universe is not 'homogenic and isotropic' throughout, but is variable gravity-G dependent, in fact dependent upon the electromagnetic energy environment defining its gravitational environment, or a universe of the Gravity-G variable. Then, magically, it all starts to fall into place. There are no Strings, but there is an inverse relationship between radiant e.m. energy and the gravitational 'constant' G. There is no 'clock ambiguity', but there is light redshift at the Hubble constant from a much higher G (5 orders of magnitude higher) in deep intergalactic space defining 'gravitational' redshift (per Pound-Rebka experiment) that defines why distant cosmic light is redshifted; and not because of Doppler space expansion. Ditto for the Big Bang, that there was none if there is no space expansion, no Lambda constant, no original singularity from which all space-time sprung 13.7 billion years ago. In fact, the universe may be hundreds of orders of magnitudes older than that, and it all falls into place if we tweak gravity rather than time. Isn't this a much simpler universe, one that is understandable in-toto as a whole theorem?
Time to stop chasing the (cosmic) wind? Or chasing 'gravity waves'? What's to look for?
It gets crazier by the minute, in that 'early universe': Did the Universe Begin As a Simple 1-D Line?, testable with 'gravity waves'.
Gravity waves? Really?
Puzzling Pluto atmosphere
|Posted on Wednesday, April 20, 2011 - 12:30 pm: |
Pluto's Atmosphere Found Poisonous and Surprisingly High
Pluto's atmosphere has cold carbon monoxide gas (Space.com, April 2011)
The atmosphere of Pluto was known to extend more than 60 miles (about 100 kilometers) above the surface, the researchers said, but the new findings raise that height to more than 1,860 miles (3,000 km) — equivalent to a quarter of the distance out to Pluto's largest moon, Charon.
This is not surprising, given that Pluto is at about 40 AU, which also means its gravity 'constant' is about 40 G, all of which adds up to its ability to hold a large atmosphere for such a tiny planetoid (smaller than our Moon), so fit all the pieces as they should. Higher G means more 'stickiness' at the gaseous molecular level, so the atmopsphere can be much taller than same for lower G. Look at the gas giants, or Titan, for example. Same principle at work on Pluto.
Puzzling Pluto still a mystery... stay tuned... Charon atmosphere in next?
Earth's G seasonal?
|Posted on Friday, April 29, 2011 - 02:02 pm: |
What if gravity-G changes with the seasons? - by Marcus Chown, New Scientist, Wed, 15 Apr 2009 (Scott.net)
As the Earth orbits the sun, the strength of its gravity could vary because of interactions with an undiscovered force, nicknamed the "X-field".
Echoes of seasonal planetary spin?
(See: http://www.humancafe.com/discus/messages/88/185.html#POST4580 for earlier discussions.)
Okay, here is the line-up as how this 'seasonal-G' should play out:
1. In a variable-G environment where gravity 'constant' grows at the rate of 1G per 1 AU, it should register slightly greater at planet's aphelion, and slightly smaller at perihelion in its orbit around the Sun.
2. This (slightly) variable-G phenomenon should register in a Cavendish type gravity experiment; it should show these (very small) seasonal variations, where G will be slightly greater at aphelion and slightly smaller at perihelion.
3. As a phenomenon of variable planetary spin, this same variation should show up as slightly faster spin (shorter day) at aphelion (northern hemisphere summer), and slightly slower spin (longer day) at perihelion (northern winter).
4. As a 'seasonal-G' variable, these slight differences at perihelion and aphelion should be measurable consistently, and annually.
This is only a slightly variable phenomenon because the Earth-Sun system of gravity and spin equal out nearly totally: Orbital velocity accelerates slightly at perihelion, but slows at aphelion; counter to where spin accelerates slightly in (higher G aphelion), and slows slightly in (lower G) perihelion.
But these things are all measurable, and if Newton's G is a variable as hypothesized (and perhaps confirmed by Pioneer Anomaly), it should show up in our measuring instruments when clocking both gravity-G and planetary spin, seasonally. If so, then we have one more chink in the search for understanding gravity, that it is not a 'universal constant' (as Einstein, Newton, Strings Quantum-G, et al thought... Why did they in the first place?), but a variable G, which changes our understanding the universe totally... We're inching closer on this mysterious "X-field".
(Ps: Plasma spin may simulate in microsm what is happening at Earth's, or any hot body's including the Sun, at its center. It could be that simple, modified by orbital Energy density and interior heat differentials, as affected by orbital location. Could Earth's hot interior be magnetic field generating spinning plasma? Not a solid metallic core? Interesting idea.. .. it must be hell down there!)
Roswell UFO 'gravity' quest
|Posted on Sunday, July 31, 2011 - 02:43 pm: |
Roswell and greater New Mexico - in search of 'Modified Vector Dynamics' - and friends.
Taos Pueblo - Wiki (click image for article)
Why did I travel the length and breadth of New Mexico this past week? I really came to see the Taos Pueblo Indian Corn Dance held by women in celebration of the spirits favoring a good harvest, such as now encouraged by the Tiwa Farms project there. In fact, it was a beautifully performed dance held at the four directions of the pueblo, accompanied by men chanting and drumming, a moving experience even if under threatening skies and occasional fine rain that covered us. If calling for harvest, rain is a good thing. But alas, pictures were strictly forbidden during this special and sacred dance, so none can be shown here.
Taos Indian corn harvest
San Ildefonso Pueblo Corn Dancers (interactive)
Saint Francis Church, rear - Taos NM
But I also came to see friends and visit old haunts. Having lived in New Mexico's Santa Fe area for nearly 7 years, it was a familiar place for me, rich in memories. Seeing friends helps bring back those pleasant times to mind, the beautiful landscapes, the dramatic skies and storms, green chili, and that old wild-west exploration spirit where new ideas can still flourish without ridicule, and spirituality is tied into nearly all there is there, from stones to healing hands. That is and always had been the draw of the mystery of New Mexico, as much for Georgia O'Keefe as it was for Robert Oppenheimer. I found the same draw.
La Puebla - Penitente Church
Where Cinzia and I met in La Puebla - our personal 'mecca'
Santuario de Chimayo - has healing soil (interactive)
Another reason I traveled from Taos all the way down, via Santa Fe and Albuquerque, to Roswell and White Sands in the south was to follow developments that happened over six decades ago. This was the time when the atomic bomb was developed and tested at White Sands, and when alleged UFO were crashing both near Roswell and nearby Socorro, as well as up at Aztec in the Four Corners area of New Mexico. What intrigues me is, how could they (if they exist) power their crafts with such incredible speeds and agility? My search into this phenomenon is not so much as to whether or not these events happened, which to me is inconsequential, but how such a system of propulsion could possibly work; that is what I wanted to research. Going to Roswell's UFO Museum, especially it's research library, perhaps was my true ulterior motive for this research into 'technology' now unexplained, or scoffed at.
Sunset over Los Alamos - from Santa Fe Forest
Lightning over Santa Fe night - on iPhone
Santa Fe is a city of art, even graffiti!
What did they power their (alleged) craft with? Some ideas already came to mind in earlier musings on 'alternative physics' of gyroscopes precession. By various routes this led me to Roswell, and in particular to John Searl's work, though he is discredited (in my opinion) by failure to produce falsifiable results.
'Nowhere' New Mexico, a ranch road
Display at UFO Museum... They're here!
Also display, with periodic 'light and smoke' shows
UFO Museum marquee at Roswell NM (sorry if tilt, can't right it, but okay on others) I'm kitch at this shop (tilt?)
The research library at Roswell UFO Museum was the most interesting part of the exhibit. But there I failed to find any substantial material for my MoVeD research. Though, upon suggesting John Searl the librarian was able to produce a rather comprehensive report, catalogued and shelved, within the short time I was there. But was Searl on the right track with spinning magnetics? I don't believe so. It looks more like 'static electricity' was generated by his 'rings'.
John Searl's 'alleged' early flying saucer
After Roswell, where I also met my friend George D. for breakfast at IHOP, we had fun talk about the 'incident' back in 1947; he knew some of the people who allegedly were there to witness; I then set off for final leg of my travels, White Sands National Monument.
Not snow... it's all sand!
My foot on white sand
So there it is. My research into Modified-Vector-Dynamics continues, and three motorized high spin gyroscopes just arrived from England. We shall see...
Rio Grande river at Albuquerque
Farewell New Mexico, until next time. It was a beautiful visit.
Reverse engineered UFO?
|Posted on Thursday, August 04, 2011 - 10:22 am: |
Is this really true? Or clueless fiction?
(interactive - click image for Wiki reference)
Lazar's alleged 'reverse engineered' analysis of how this ET craft works (he even if sincere may not really understand what he saw). Power generating source may be accurate, where matter/anti-matter annihilation may be used to produce electricity, but propulsion of three on-board engines is probably wrong, IMO. The most probable cause is "modified vector of G-force" (pro-gravity) generated by the three cylindrical engines.
iPhone photo taken at Roswell UFO Museum, sorry for poor quality due to lighting conditions. - IDA
See videos at Skytrackers.com page, for your entertainment.
[PS: In the experimental tests below, I figured out a way to eliminate the serious 'wobble' encountered earlier, and the MOVED G-force effect became about 4X more pronounced, which gave me insight into how this mythical UFO engine (if it exists, maybe it's really one of ours?) might possibly work.]
Modified Vector Dynamics - abstract
|Posted on Thursday, August 04, 2011 - 09:24 pm: |
Modified Vector Dynamics© (MOVED). - Patent Pending
by Ivan D. Alexander, August 2, 2011
Gyroscopic precession is the result of angular velocity of rotation and angular velocity produced by torque, which acted upon by the (downward) vector force of gravity will cause it to precess. The resulting precessional vector force at right angle to (moving in the direction of) torque is currently well understood and amply documented. What is not documented, nor perhaps understood, is how this precession vector can be modified by right angle to produce the same force as an either up or down vector force simulating either "lift" or "sink", or how this angular momentum action could be made "directional". Inventor will show how, in principle, this Earth gravity G-force can be re-directed using gyroscopic action housed within a larger apparatus, when the whole apparatus is spun in either direction, whereby the angular momentum is transferred along the axis of spin. The result is a directional force caused by acceleration of spin of whole apparatus, which may be a usable force in future propulsion systems. (Patent filed - August 2011)
Gyro used (supplied by Gyroscope.com)
(To be continued...)
Gyroscope V-force precession
Atom and inertia.
Axiomatic Equation paper.
Why it works
References authored by Ivan D. Alexander - Humancafe forums
MOVED test test
|Posted on Sunday, October 09, 2011 - 04:56 pm: |
Modified Vector Dynamics (MOVED) Gravity Force© prototype test
MOVED G-force motor prototype (illustration only, not real prototype experiment)
When this motorized gyros sphere (above) was tested, by suspending it on freely moving strings, and powered up it had limited results: When spun slowly (in direction of natural precession), it wobbled erratically like wanting to break free of its moorings; but when spun faster, it stabilized and tended to thrust (slightly) in direction of its axis. This was result expected, though disappointing in that it was ever so slight, so for now results are inconclusive. However, should this principle be perfected and amplified, it may be an important source of future propulsion force by 'redirecting' vector gravity acting up on it into a "forward-backward" vector depending on direction of spin. It is the author's future aim to modify how interior gyros are positioned to better balance and amplify this modified vector effect.
The ultimate purpose is to create a powerful motor of locomotion employing 'redirected' gravity (not anti-gravity, but pro-gravity) with Earth as a base reference plane upon which it gains its thrust energy. Out in space, especially if gravity G is greater in the outer solar system, this vector effect should be substantially stronger (background space-gravity potential in relation to Sun), which would yield a constantly accelerating thrust making the outer planets easily accessible. Out in deep space, far from any hot star, this effect could be orders of magnitudes greater than within our solar system, making deep space exploration (star travel) potentially a human reality. However, this is still all very long into the future. For now, just getting it off the ground is our humble goal. In fact, this crude mechanism may be ultimately unworkable, except as an example of principles at work. The real product would be powered by electrically stimulated bands of contained hydraulized electricity vortices fired in continuous succession to provide powerful thrust. This may be what actually powers alien space craft, such as witnessed by (all discredited) observers. (Bob Lazar may know something of this, perhaps?) We're looking at harnessing "gravity in a bottle" if this works, to achieve what we now do crudely with 'gravity assist' maneuvers in space flight… Stay tuned…
Follow up on tests for above mechanism:
The sphere containing three motorized gyroscopes was tested in three configurations, all with the sphere free hanging with axis of spherical spin parallel to the Earth plane ( _|_ to Earth's g): first test gyros axes were at ~45 degree angle to sphere's axis; second test was with gyros parallel to sphere axis; third test was with gyros perpendicular to sphere's axis. In the first, when gyros were powered up and fully spinning (12000 rpm), and sphere was spun in either direction of precession or against it, it wobbled violently; but when spun faster, it stabilized. In the second test, the wobble was minimal, faster spin was same. In third test, wobble was most pronounced at slow spin, but moderated at faster spin, though not completely. In the second test, at higher spin there 'appeared' some movement in direction of sphere's axis, either forward or back depending on direction of spin, but this was so faint as to be virtually undetectable, so at this time that test remains 'inconclusive'. (The other two tests were too dominated by wobble effect to be noticeable.) Due to the difficulty of properly balancing this crude apparatus, other effects may have been present but not noticed at this time. In effect, all three tests gave Null results as per expectations, though there were surprising results of motion not anticipated.
A separate test was conducted for all three configurations were performed as above on the sphere free hanging from a single filament (see picture) to test for natural precession (for clockwise spinning gyros as seen from above); in all three tests precession was counter-clockwise (as seen from above); when sphere was spun it exhibited similar responses to the above horizontal tests: wobble at slow spin, more stable at higher spin.
Standing back from it all, there appears to be a 're-directed' gyroscopic vector force at work in all these tests, in response to Earth's g acting upon both the spinning gyroscopes and sphere (what powers precession as a first cause). This is most obvious is the third and first tests, where low spin resulted in violent wobble of the whole apparatus. One explanation could be that Earth's g was being re-directed into the natural precession of each gyroscope, which translates into aggregate precession for the sphere (counter-clockwise), which then resulted in sideways motion of the whole apparatus; but this sideways motion was mitigated by faster spin, which gave the sphere new gyroscopic stability as a whole. This same effect was less evident in the second test because all three gyros were parallel to each other and parallel to the axis of spin for the sphere, as well as Earth's plane ( _|_ to Earth's g). The result then is less sideways motion but instead re-directed along the axis, or in perpendicular to normal precession, so little if any wobble occurred.* However, if so, the effect was not immediately obvious, so this for now is still only a guess.
The important point here, given these three tests, is that Earth's g has been re-channeled via positioning of gyroscopic action to give us dynamic force in another direction than normal precession. This, of course, is what was sought for, though not totally satisfied in that the direction of vectors resulting from spin proved more complex than expected. Therefore, though 'something' happened, tests proved inconclusive. We know which way Earth's gravity is vectored… (Viz., If Earth's g enters the system, where does it come out?) What direction does the re-directed vector take in each of the three tests? More tests for this 'redirected' vectors effect are needed.
*Significant footnote: Upon further test of gyros positioned perpendicular to sphere axis, it was observed that spin globe one way 'forces' gyro stems out, while spinning counter forces them to retract in; this could be first real evidence of perpendicular (MOVED) force to lateral gyroscopic action. Assuming that, per earlier tests, gyro dynamics regardless of position are universal in the aggregate where whole apparatus acts as if it were precessing, this find may indicate that we are on right track, and gyro action shifts from lateral to vertical along gyro axis, with Earth plane g as reference base. Therefore, earlier reported 'wobble' now makes sense.
This is what MOVED G-force is searching for: Secret of the Flying Saucers. Are we on right track?
Also see: The Eric Laithwaite's 1974 Lecture
"The Engineer Through the Looking Glass" incredible videos of gyro demo lecture, compliments of Intalek.com
[PPS: Additional testing, this time with a sensitive hanging scale, showed that earlier reported observed "rise and fall" of spinning gyros inside a spinning, or counter spinning, globe had similar, albeit very faint but measurable results. Though they turned out counter-intuitive (as by example of 'action & reaction' on a gyro suspended from a string and twirled either with or against natural precession, though opposite by 'pushing on a string'), the results were consistent. This may be significant, so should warrant more testing. But the question remains the same: Can it ever be usable as a force?... It would need HUGE amplification, if so.]
The Pluto Effect
|Posted on Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 04:27 pm: |
The Pluto Effect
Pluto's Satellite system - Discovery News (interactive, click image for article)
There may be a relatively easy test for Variable-G gravity 'constant' in our outer solar system. Though now believed Newton's G is a universal constant, there may be anecdotal evidence that it varies with distance from a hot star like our Sun. Though never tested for before, knowing that Pluto has many moons, and tracking their respective orbital paths around Pluto, we may over time discover that their paths are not uniform, but vary with Pluto's eccentric orbit around the Sun. By observing Pluto's moon orbits during the upcoming fly-by (NASA's New Horizons mission flies past Pluto in 2015) we can later observe these same moons with future fly-bys and compare their orbital characteristics. If gravity G is weaker closer to the Sun, but stronger further out, at about the calculated rate of 1 G per 1 AU (since Pluto's eccentric orbit takes it from 30 to 49 AU), then this variable should be measurable. Expectations would be that at Pluto's perihelion, the moons would be slightly farther from the planet and slower velocity (gravity G is weaker); whereas at aphelion (where G is higher), the same moons would be closer in and faster velocity. This observational data could also over time be collaborated with observations from Hubble, for example. And though the timeline of Pluto's revolution around the Sun from one eccentricity extreme to the other is over an Earth century, small variations should be evident over a period of a decade, if this 'Pluto Effect' is real.
This could be a meaningful test for the hypothesis that Newton's G is not a 'universal constant', that does not require a dedicated test for it in our solar system. Of course, such test would still be required to confirm this conclusively.
Just in, Pluto may have 10 more moons?! It makes no sense for a planetoid smaller than our Moon, unless the gravity G 'constant' is substantially greater than here. Ditto for its surprising atmosphere.
Useable force, perhaps?
|Posted on Friday, November 25, 2011 - 11:11 pm: |
I find it strange that my Gravity universe is so different from how physics is now understood.
For example, in my above MOVED experiments, when measured on a sensitive hanging scale (to within 0.01 pounds/0.005 kilograms), I discovered that when the gyros are spinning they are ever so slightly 'heavier' than their dead weight. These differences are minuscule, for now, but the effect had been noted in other experiments when the spinning gyros were placed on a platform and the platform was either spun in direction of natural precession (heavier), or against natural precession (lighter), so this effect (though slight) seems to be consistent. The only way I can make logical sense of this is if my earlier (off-the-cuff) hypothesis is correct, that in each spin there is exhibited a 'virtual' microscopic black hole. If so, then gravity attracts that virtual black hole (ever so slightly) but counters it under precession. This is better illustrated by twirling a spinning gyroscope on a string, where this effect (though self contained) is immediately obvious: one way the gyro flops down, the other way it rises up.
Strange as this sounds to me (and anyone reading it), it nevertheless seems to fill some sort of gap in our understanding of the 'pure' physics of gyroscopic action as a "conservation of angular momentum" effect. But is that all there is? If I allow for 'lateral' thinking on this, perhaps there is something else at work, something that we haven't figured out yet. Is 'virtual black hole' aligned with gravity 'heavier', but perpendicular to it 'lighter'? Strange idea… But if it really exists, can it be useful? Can it be harvested as a useable force?… Just asking….
One example that seems most strange his how a gyroscope will lose "weight" when it is free to precess, as per this experiment by Prof. Eric Laithwaite:
(interactive, demo video)
Demo showing gyro "losing weight" when in full precession. But take away its precession by blocking it, or stopping spin, and it sinks like a stone. But when with precession, here is what it looks like: Eric Laithwaite - gyroscopic gravity modification.mov - believe it or not...
Here are some Russian kids trying it in their Test Flight (video)…. but with limited results. Null results shown per their set up.
Experiments to date have shown this MOVED G-force to be so small as to be nearly negligible, but like a tiny flame fanned into a real fire, I predict that within a hundred years we will be using it to power all of our terrestrial and space craft on a grand scale. But between here and then, there is gargantuan engineering work to be done. We will do it.
Not so strange, but it still needs much work...
Next Phase G-force research
|Posted on Sunday, December 11, 2011 - 06:35 pm: |
Is Magnetically-self-confined Plasma-Torus next phase of research to reach fully operational MOVED G-force motor?
Self gravitating toroidal plasmas generated electrically over a poloidal magnetic field may be the real breakthrough needed.
Toroidal-poloidal spin - Wikipedia
Still to be discovered magnetofluid dynamics, whether from liquid or gas generated plasma, what materials and how to contain high rate of spin.
The goal of this research is to substitute 'gyroscopic action' of spinning wheels with spinning toroidal self-gravitating plasma, in control-activated bands within the greater spin motors aboard.
Differentially Rotating Plasma Rings with High Magnetic Energy Densities may be one way? Probably employing Euler-Lagrange equations, not as now used in Fusion physics experiments, but much simpler mechanics, as rotating plasma is naturally self-gravitating.
It's all engineering science from here, and we'll need lots of it. Unfortunately, if is also capital intensive to build these prototypes.
One step at a time… and eventually we will tame re-directed G-force to full amplification efficacy.
Why it works
|Posted on Thursday, December 15, 2011 - 05:46 pm: |
Why does this work?
(interactive - a discussion on Energetic Forum)
Example of (magnetic) zero-point energy torus - but MOVED G-force is not magnetic!
Though this illustration is shown only because it may approximate what happens inside the MOVED G-force motor, if taken as an inertial mechanism (rather than magnetic) it may be showing what is happening at the 'zero point' of spin, per right hand rule.
Why should gyroscopic spin result in precessional motion activated by gravity, so that to add weight to the counterbalance arm of a gyroscope accelerates its precession? This may not be fully understood with current physics, but there may be speculative physics that might explain it. Further, it might also explain why G-force can be re-directed in the MOVED G-force motor along the axis, as demonstrations have shown.
Here is a progression of possible ideas:
1. Gyroscopic spin captures Earth's gravity potential and redirects it into torque precession.
2. Precession is a conservation of angular momentum, so adding acceleration (gravity-more weight) adds angular momentum, hence faster precession.
3. Two counter rotating gyroscopes 'cancel' their angular momentum precession, but not for the whole body where mounted, which continues to precess as if gyros' angular momentum were not canceled.
4. If the counter-gyros are perpendicular to the whole body axis (motor), though no precession for the two counter-spin gyros, there is lateral precession exhibited for the whole apparatus, same as for independent gyro (though canceled), and perpendicular to the axis of whole body (counter-clockwise for clockwise spinning gyros).
5. When whole body motor is spun on its axis, the precessional motion is transferred along the axis of the whole, so it now captures 'zero point' gravity potential along the axis.
6. When added spin, acceleration force, is added to the whole, the action-reaction (Newtonian) sends the acceleration along the whole body axis, in either direction depending upon direction of spin.
7. By transferring acceleration (via gyroscopic spin) to the whole body spin, we have mimicked the 'added weight' scenario, so a momentary acceleration of motion registers along that axis, in either direction depending on direction of spin.
Now stand back from it a moment. What have we done? Is this not a re-direction of Earth's gravity field potential into a new directional force, so motion results? This motion can only be sustained if, and only if, the pulses of acceleration are continuous in order to effect sustainable motion. It is not the spin that controls this motor process, but the acceleration added to that spin.
Therefore, for the MOVED G-force motor to work, it needs constant 'pulses' of acceleration to maintain directed motion. Obviously this is not practical with the apparatus set up consisting of gyroscopes (as above), but it is possible with electrically induced spin in either fluids or gas, enhanced into faster spin by microwave energy stimulating it into a very fast spinning plasma.
The science is simple, but the engineering henceforth is demanding, as we have not yet designed anything like it before. But that's how it works.
I might add, it was a simple statement by a physicist friend of mine that gave me sudden insight into why this motor works. He said, in passing: "It's the transfer of your hand's energy added to spin that transfers acceleration to the gyroscopic spin's direction, which is what moves it." That immediately came clear to me, as I had been looking at 'spin' being the catalyst for redirected precession (which merely effects gyroscopic action). No, it's the 'acceleration', which is totally Newtonian, that does it. No new physics here, but a way to re-direct known physics of the conservation of angular momentum, now transferred along the axis of spin… (thanks Anthony!) This is a totally 'inertial' force, as per the Equivalence Principle (thanks Albert), and not magnetic in nature. (Though, fast spinning plasma to power the spinning motor may have magnetic by-products, so may need a 'Faraday box' for passenger cabin?)
In the end, why this works is because the Earth generated G-force potential is captured by gyroscopic action, and when spun in a whole apparatus it redirects that G-force potential from its lateral precession into a vertical equivalent along the axis; which with acceleration force added it becomes (as if) the acceleration registered by increased rate of precession, but now along the axis. This is a usable force, as presented to the US Patent Office (Patent Pending). Thus it moves.
|Posted on Friday, March 16, 2012 - 08:36 pm: |
'Dethroning' Einstein has been coming more into vogue of late.
Are his halcyon days over? Einstein's General Relativity (and Special) is coming increasingly into question...
(interactive - click image for link)
Discover Magazine cover: "Overturning Einstein", March 2012
In the Discover article "Gravity off the Grid", science writer Zeeya Merali makes a credible case for Machian gravity/space-time, such as proposed by English physicist and independent researcher Dr. Julian Barbour. But about half way through the article, it once again becomes a convoluted stretch to believe that Einstein can be dethroned by Barbour et al's theories of Quantum Gravity. For example:
The idea of "emergent time" is indeed intriguing. But later Barbour's associates fall back into the 'dark matter' trap, that it must exist, though they (rightly) call 'dark energy' illusive, but for wrong reasons. In truth yet to be fully discovered, it will be much simpler if the universe is not spanned by a 'universal constant' gravity G, but rather is variable: viz. Newton's G is much greater in intergalactic space (where space 'appears' to be expanding); and G weaker in intragalactic/inter-stellar space (where 'expansion' slows). By way of explanation such as posited by the Axiomatic Equation, the universe is indeed simple… and so is the math... that space 'expansion' is a high-G gravitational redshift optical illusion. It may very well turn out, in the end, that all the known 'cosmological constants' are in fact interrelated, and some are same for parallel reasons. At the end of the day, Dark Matter, so called, will be nothing more than cold ordinary baryonic matter in a ultra high gravity G environment (perhaps X50,000+ G of ordinary matter here), made exotic because of its high G environment, and nothing more.
Barbour pressed on where Einstein had feared to tread, coming closer to Mach by dispensing not just with Newton's rigid grid but with the very concept of space-time. In general relativity, time is a dimension interwoven with the dimensions of space. In Barbour's universe, on the other hand, time is emergent: It is a measure of how space changes but not a fundamental component of it. (my italics)
But keep plugging. Einstein is about to be dethroned, just a matter of time.
Also see: Brilliant, Beautiful Mind of Einstein
Dark Matter non-baryonic?
|Posted on Tuesday, January 08, 2013 - 02:38 pm: |
Why Dark Matter 'appears' non-baryonic
Lambda Cold Dark Matter
Dark Matter appears largely non-baryonic as it cannot be detected by normal light or other electromagnetic radiation. This renders it 'invisible' to astronomical observation except for its gravitational interaction with ordinary matter. The evidence for Dark Matter is primarily from observed gravitational lensing and greater orbital velocities of stars in galaxies (per Zwicky). At present, Dark Matter is believed electric charge neutral, constitutes about 84% of matter in the universe, and hypothesized it does not form atoms. Rather, it is expected to be of exotic heavy mass particles called WIMPS, the search for which has thus far proved illusive. Some have challenged this theory (per MOND), see study at arXiv.org available online. However, if Variable-G is a factor, there may be an easy explanation why DM is 'invisible' to us.
The hypothesis for a variable gravity G 'constant' is still speculative, as it had not been found by dedicated tests in the outer, or inner, solar system and is currently believed to be a "universal constant" by physics. Should it be found otherwise, that hypothesized Variable-G grows with distance from the Sun (at about 1 G per 1 AU), there would be cause to think this G 'constant' is orders of magnitudes higher in deep intergalactic space far from hot electromagnetic energy. Per hypothesis from three separate calculations done to date (see Countdown to Strangeness), including the Boltzmann Constant-CMB and deep space Hubble gravitational redshift, there appears to be correlation that deep space gravity G is about 4-5 orders of magnitude greater (approx. 50,000 times) than the Newton constant G as measured here on Earth, as predicted by the Axiomatic Equation. But another calculation using the cut-off frequency for Photoelectric Effect (see June 3, 2004, AXIOMATIC CUT-OFF FREQUENCY FOR GRAVITY?), at about visible light lambda=397 nm (violet), there seems to be correlation again with deep space gravity G in the 10X-6 range (as opposed to 10X-11 range, Earth), so this may give a clue as to why 'dark matter' is invisible to us. If deep space gravity is high enough to effect the Photoelectric Effect, then it may be cutting off electromagnetic interaction, since radiating light may not interact with whatever baryonic matter is diffused in deep space. Below a certain "cut-off" threshold, matter ceases to be visible for very high G effect on baryonic mass, hence rendering it "non-baryonic" to observations.
In effect, Dark Matter only 'appears' to be non-baryonic because it inhabits cold deep space where gravity G is high enough to trigger a Photoelectric Effect on whatever atomic, baryonic mass is diffused there, so it becomes invisible to our radiation powered observational instruments. All that is left is the gravitational observation, as already observed, that any gas or dust in deep intergalactic space has very high mass, what had become known as illusive Dark Matter.
Also see: Is cold Dark Matter 'hot' electrically?
Dark matter blowing bubbles?.. It get's crazier: Earth may be crashing through dark matter walls - NewScientist
Meanwhile, they keep looking for the 'invisible'... 1st Results from Space Station Particle Detector Experiment Coming in March - Discovery News
Just in: Will we ever… understand what dark matter is made from? -BBC Science News
But we are edging closer... Dark matter rival boosted by dwarf galaxies (MOND) -NewScientist
Also see: Mass of the Universe
Variable G, not there yet
|Posted on Sunday, February 24, 2013 - 01:28 pm: |
Concept of Variable G had been broached before, but without traction.
DIRAC suggested in 1937 that the gravitational 'constant' G might vary with time. There had been some attempts to see Newton's G gravity 'constant' as possibly variable by astronomers, some of whom had been discredited, of the likes of Brans-Dicke, Van Flandern, Arp and others trying to understand the "missing mass" paradox. But this was dead ended...
First to postulate "variable G" was perhaps Toivo Jaakkola, Finland, (interactive -in memoriam)
in his Action-at-a-Distance and Local Action in Gravitation: Discussion and Possible Solution of the Dilemma (c.1978-1995).
The strength of gravitation is a variable, G(r), the locally measured value of which is Newton’s constant G0. The cosmological value corresponding to the gb’s and the CBG is denoted by Gc. I have called the proposed mode of the gravitational action “pressure-induced gravitation” (PIG)... On a cosmological scale a(r) = ac = H/c, G(r) = Gc ~ 10 G0...
Another was Variable G by W. H. McCrea (1978)
... I.e., where variable mass 'might be' variable G dependent, per Equivalence?
So far as the right-hand side of the equation (1) is concerned, the effect of letting G vary with time is indistinguishable from the letting the gravitational masses vary and keeping G constant... Here, however, we are led to admit the possibility of a variation in the effective mass of a body without mass going anywhere else or coming from anywhere else. In fact, it is not clear why Newton expressed his second law of motion in the form he did in terms of rate of change of momentum unless it was to cover just such a possibility. [The situation is reminiscent of that of relative mass in the mechanics of special relativity, but the similarity is not close.]
Or again Jaakkola, by Jean-Claude Pecker, Paris (1996), quoting Toivo Jaakkola:
- (Apeiron No. 4)
"The coupling of electricity and gravitation, which is the cause of the redshift and the exponential weakening of gravitation.... makes Newton’s law inapplicable on the cosmological scale... The gravitational parameter G changes from a constant to a physical variable which is constant only over the homogeneous distribution on the cosmological scale…"
However, these concepts never gained traction in a world of mainstream cosmology, frenetically proving "Einstein was right!" over and over again. In fact, this may be the missing link in cosmology to explain many puzzling phenomena, from large atmosphere gas giants in the outer solar system, to cosmic redshift Hubble constant, to the "missing mass" dark matter, to super fast spinning stars, to galactic 'black holes', to gassing out comets in the inner solar system, to the Pioneer Anomaly, to tiny Pluto's many moons. It all fits so well with a "variable gravity G" concept, ushering in a new era of fundamental physics and cosmology…. There was no way to prove a variable gravity G from our Earth's position, same as there is no way to find 'dark matter' here. For those proofs, we need to measure G away from Earth's orbital region... But we're not there yet.
Also see: Mass of the Universe
First math why Newton's gravity G 'constant' may be Variable, per Axiomatic equation. (See Sept. 16, 2003 - towards New Physics)